A Pro Guide To Home Security Systems

How Does A Home Security System Work will give you good advice on securing three things that virtually everyone holds dear, family, home, and property. You will strive to keep them safe whether you are at home, work or on vacation abroad. But this can be a hard feat to pull off with the crime rate on the rise, and criminals getting smarter by the day.

Well, to stay safe you’ve got to stay ahead of the bad guys. And one way to outsmart them by far is the use of security systems for your home.  So what is a home security system and how does a home security system work, well with the threat to home security so real, if your away quite often, the stakes can’t be higher so let’s dive right in and find out.

security systems in place

What makes a home security system?

The first step to getting the ideal home security is to understand what the whole concept is all about, and this is where things get exciting. In essence, this system means securing your home with the use of interworking components or devices. It’s simply an integration of electronic devices connected to a central control panel. These come in as the last line of defense for keeping intruders and burglars at bay. Below is a video with excellent information on a number of different systems that you can choose from, then we go through and look at some of the components that count.

Sensors on doors and windows

These sensors send out a signal in case there’s any sinister activity on your home’s doors and windows. They are very strategic, considering that intruders are most likely to target doors and windows, as they are easy to breach. You should install these sensors in the main doors (in front and back) that lead into and out of the house. Also, installation is crucial on easily accessible windows, especially the ones on the ground floor.

How the door and window sensors work

Usually, these sensors include two parts, one installed on the door and the other on the frame. In windows, one part is on the window and then the other on the windowsill. Once in place, the two parts initiate a security circuit as they join upon closing your door or window. When you arm the system at the control panel, the sensors report the point of entry as secured. In the event the door is opened, it breaks the security circuit, which the system and control panel interpret as a security breach. In response, the control panel sounds an alarm and notifies the alarm monitoring company.

Motion sensors

Mounted inside your house or within the compound, these sensors can detect any movement in the covered zone, potentially from an intruder. It’s best to install these in areas that are less often frequented especially in large compounds. But you can also install them in rooms with valuables and whose access is limited.

How motion sensors work

Motion sensors employ an invisible zone, which intruders walk right into, oblivious to the potential detection by the system. The sensors then send a signal to the control panel, which then notifies you or the monitoring company or both of you for a response. It’s best to install the interior as well as exterior sensors, which doubles the chances of detecting any potential intrusion.

High-decibel alarm

An alarm or a siren on your home security works much like your car alarm. By going off once triggered, alarms double as a notification for suspicious activity and sending the intruder running for their life at the same time.  

How alarms work

The good thing about alarms is that they can catch the attention of anyone in the house, neighbors, and/or passers-by if any. The high-decibel performance means an alarm can be heard several blocks away, bringing to attention a possible dubious activity going on in the neighborhood. The alarm siren goes off once instructed by the control panel if a possible security breach is reported from any of the other components.

Surveillance cameras

CCTV cameras have taken the market by storm as one of the most sought after components for securing homes. The good thing about this option is that they keep an eye on whatever is happening in and around your compound day and night.

How CCTV cameras work

With a CCTV camera in sight, some potential intruders might shy away and proceed to the next gate or block.  These cameras come in different types, but the major distinction is the wired or wireless options. It all depends on how far you are ready to go with keeping an eye on your compound. Cameras are great for keeping surveillance on remote sections of your property as the barn, garage, workshop and such. But they also work great for the front and backyard as well as entry points like doors, gates and garage door.

Best of all, you can see what is happening at home remotely from your computer, tablet, or Smartphone when you are away. So you can spot and report any criminal activity in time. You will also have the footage of the whole incidence, which can help identify the perpetrators or the vehicle they used. This goes a long way to help with investigations by authorities in case a crime has already been committed.

Yard signs or stickers

This is more of a passive approach, but an effective one altogether. At a glance, yard signs and window stickers don’t seem to do a lot in helping secure your home, however, they could mean all the difference.

How signs and stickers work

By letting everyone know that the compound they are about to step into is under surveillance, most potential burglars would reconsider their decision. They can be effective if you use them as the security company recommends. And they could save the day in the event you forgot to arm your system and in a fateful coincidence, a potential burglar happens to pass by your front yard. The message in these signs could be enough to scare them off.

Control panel

It is by far the most crucial aspect of the entire home safety system. The control panel is at the heart of everything as far as home security connection goes. So it comes in as the primary controller of the whole system.

How the control panel works

Simply put, the control panel is the computer for arming and disarming the entire system. But it does more than just that; it’s also the one that is communicating with all the components in case of any breach. Then it relays the information over to the monitoring company.

These computers usually come with a touchpad that enables you to program and interact with them easily. The other crucial aspect is that they offer a fair few options to arm or disarm your system. These include the use of passcodes, voice commands, or programming for use of remote controls.

security camera

How home security systems communicate with the monitoring company

While it might sound complicated, the process in which these systems work to secure your home is rather a straightforward one once you understand it. One of the crucial aspects as far as the system goes is how it can communicate with the monitoring company. And sure enough, this happens in several ways.

Phone lines

These are one of the most popular and most efficient ways by far. The good thing about this option is that it can work even when there are power outages. All you need to do is make sure you have a battery backup in place. You can ensure that your home will never be vulnerable even if the whole grid went down.

Wireless communication

Where the communication occurs on radio frequencies like the ones through cell phones. With this option, power outage should not be a cause to worry as long as you have a battery backup ready.

The internet 

Another reliable way in which your home security system can relay a message to the monitoring company in case of an intrusion. The only downside to this option is that if there’s a power outage, the communication might not be efficient or possible altogether.

Then there’s the VoIP

Voice over Internet Protocol. This offers yet another option worth considering. Nevertheless, the VoIP is also not reliable for an area with frequent power outages.

In a nutshell

To get everything clear, let’s take a brief shot at the entire process. Once you have everything in place, all you have is to arm or disarm your security system. One of these two things can trigger the system into raising an alarm; one is an intruder trying to breach the security. The other is if you set it off manually from the control panel.

The next step could be a high-decibel alarm going off, or a silent alarm sent to the monitoring station, or both. This depends on the setting you have in place. Once an alarm is sent to the monitoring station, they deploy someone to respond to the emergency. Then a dispatcher will contact you to verify details of the emergency, including discerning if it is a real emergency or a false alarm.

If you don’t want to put your home safety at stake, then getting a security system is one of your best shots. You can head out to your camping excursion, holiday or a job trip without having to worry about the safety of your property. With the right components and an ideal system in place, the chances of losses from vandalism, burglary or intrusion are next to none. Thankfully, these systems come in different types, so the one to go for is all but a matter of choice.  Nothing brings more piece of mind than knowing your family and property are safe and sound.

If you have any more questions about How Does A Home Security System Work, I’ll be more than happy to answer them in the comments section below.